Brow Lift Options At Burbank Medical Spa

Brow lifts are a popular choice for men and women especially as we start to age. The human face is a canvas of expression, capable of conveying a myriad of emotions through subtle movements. Among these expressive features, the eyebrows play a crucial role. The ability to lift one’s eyebrows is a dynamic function governed by a complex interplay of muscles. As we age, however, the once-effortless act of raising our eyebrows can become a challenge, with the effects of time manifesting as a gradual drooping. In this exploration, we will delve into the anatomy of the muscles responsible for lifting the eyebrows, the intricate mechanisms behind this action, and the physiological changes that lead to age-related eyebrow drooping.

Brow lift prep at Burbank, CA medical spa

Brow lift prep at Burbank, CA medical spa

Anatomy of Eyebrow Muscles:

To understand how the eyebrows move, it is essential to recognize the key muscles involved. The primary muscles responsible for lifting the eyebrows are located in the forehead region. Two main muscle groups contribute significantly to this action: the frontalis and the orbicularis oculi.

  1. Frontalis Muscle:
    • The frontalis muscle is a broad, thin muscle that covers the forehead.
    • It originates from the galea aponeurotica, a tough, fibrous tissue covering the skull, and inserts into the skin of the eyebrows.
    • The muscle is divided into two parts on each side of the forehead, creating a continuous sheet of muscle.
  2. Orbicularis Oculi Muscle:
    • The orbicularis oculi is a circular muscle that surrounds the eye.
    • It consists of three parts: the orbital, palpebral, and lacrimal portions.
    • The orbital portion, situated near the eyebrow, is particularly involved in the lifting of the eyebrows.

Mechanisms of Eyebrow Elevation:

The interaction between the frontalis and orbicularis oculi muscles orchestrates the nuanced movement of lifting the eyebrows.

  1. Frontalis Contraction:
    • The frontalis muscle contracts when the brain sends signals to the facial nerves, triggering the release of acetylcholine.
    • This contraction causes the skin on the forehead to tighten and lift, resulting in the elevation of the eyebrows.
  2. Orbicularis Oculi Role:
    • While the frontalis initiates the upward movement, the orbicularis oculi, especially its orbital portion, complements this action.
    • The contraction of the orbicularis oculi aids in lifting the eyebrows by providing additional support and contributing to the overall expression of surprise, alertness, or curiosity.
  3. Synergistic Movement:
    • The coordinated effort between the frontalis and orbicularis oculi creates a harmonious lifting of the eyebrows, allowing for a wide range of expressive gestures.

Age-Related Eyebrow Drooping:

As individuals age, the skin undergoes various changes, and the effects of gravity, loss of collagen, and a reduction in muscle tone become more apparent. These aging processes impact the forehead and eyebrow region, leading to a phenomenon commonly known as “eyebrow ptosis” or age-related eyebrow drooping.

  1. Loss of Skin Elasticity:
    • One of the primary contributors to eyebrow drooping is the natural loss of skin elasticity with age.
    • The skin on the forehead becomes less firm and more prone to sagging, causing the eyebrows to descend.
  2. Decreased Muscle Tone:
    • Aging also involves a reduction in muscle tone throughout the body, including the facial muscles.
    • As the frontalis muscle loses some of its firmness, its ability to lift the eyebrows diminishes, contributing to a sagging appearance.
  3. Effects of Gravity:
    • Gravity plays a significant role in the aging process, exerting a constant downward force on the skin and underlying structures.
    • Over time, the cumulative effects of gravity can lead to the descent of the eyebrows, creating a more pronounced hooding effect over the eyes.
  4. Collagen and Fat Redistribution:
    • Collagen, a protein that provides structure and support to the skin, diminishes with age, leading to a loss of skin volume.
    • Additionally, fat redistribution in the face can result in a reduction of soft tissue support for the eyebrows, contributing to their descent.
  5. Facial Bone Resorption:
    • Changes in facial bone structure due to resorption can also impact the position of the eyebrows.
    • As the bones supporting the forehead and eyebrow area undergo alterations, the overall architecture of the face can change, influencing the appearance of eyebrow drooping.

Medical Interventions for Eyebrow Ptosis:

Addressing age-related eyebrow drooping often involves medical interventions that aim to restore a more youthful and rejuvenated appearance.

  1. Brow Lift Surgery:
    • Brow lift surgery, also known as a forehead lift, is a common cosmetic procedure designed to elevate the eyebrows and reduce forehead wrinkles.
    • During this surgery, excess skin is removed, and the underlying muscles are tightened to achieve a more lifted and youthful brow position.
  2. Botox Injections:
    • Botox injections are a non-surgical option for treating mild to moderate eyebrow drooping.
    • By injecting botulinum toxin into specific muscles, Botox can temporarily paralyze them, reducing the appearance of wrinkles and providing a subtle lift to the eyebrows.
  3. Dermal Fillers:
    • Dermal fillers, such as hyaluronic acid-based products, can be strategically injected to add volume and support to the eyebrow region.
    • This approach helps counteract the effects of collagen loss and soft tissue atrophy, contributing to a lifted appearance.
  4. Thread Lifts:
    • Thread lifts involve the insertion of dissolvable threads under the skin to lift and reposition sagging tissues.
    • While not as invasive as traditional surgery, thread lifts can provide noticeable improvement in eyebrow position and overall facial rejuvenation.
  5. SofwaveTM
    • This FDA-approved device uses waves to tighten skin/muscles and lift the eyebrows and eyelids.
    • This technology can also be used for neck lifts and to reduce wrinkles.


The ability to lift one’s eyebrows is a dynamic and intricate function orchestrated by the frontalis and orbicularis oculi muscles. As we age, the effects of gravity, collagen loss, and decreased muscle tone contribute to eyebrow drooping, a common aesthetic concern. Understanding the anatomy and mechanisms involved in eyebrow movement is crucial for developing effective interventions to address age-related changes. Whether through surgical procedures like brow lifts, minimally invasive treatments like Botox and dermal fillers, or innovative approaches such as thread lifts, individuals have various options to restore a more youthful and lifted appearance to the eyebrows, enhancing facial harmony and expression.